Articles with more than two authors are cited by the first authors last name followed "and others" or "et al. Magazine Article Essinger, J. For three or more authors, separate all but the last author's name with commas, and use "and" before the last author's name in the list.
Basic Guidelines The purpose of the term paper in ECS 15 is for you to learn how to do effective research on a subject and then write it up clearly, showing where you got your information.
Title When citing the name of a journal, magazine or newspaper, write the name in italics, with all words capitalized except for articles, prepositions and conjunctions.
Format of Citations and References 1. Citing the availability of an electronic document should give the reader enough information to know where to locate the file and, if necessary, the specific portion of the file cited. Title If the title is that of an article, use the regular font; if it is the title of a book, italicize it.
You will therefore be expected to use the format set out below. This is to facilitate a reader's finding the reference in a long publication such as a book not done for journal articles. Click and Clack demonstrated that mice treated with synthetic estrogen analogs react similarly.
It all depends on how many authors or creators the source has or even if you know the name of the author. Each additional line of each entry should be indented a reasonable amount.
The rules are described in more detail, with examples, in section 3.
Author, Date, and Title The general format for the author, title, and date in your reference list is as follows: Interviews If you choose to include any personal interviews, reference them with the person's name, their professional title and employer, and the date, time, and place of the interview.
End with a period. For this class, we will be using the documentation style of the American Psychological Association APA, modified with italics substituted for underlining.
Here are some examples that would be cited in the text as Crosley,Essinger,May 28, pp. After the ellipses, list the last author's name of the work.
Have the citation make it easy to find the reference in the "References" section. Capitalize all major words in journal titles. Introduction As you write your term papers, it will be important for you to document where you obtained the information cited in your report. Single-space the entries in your list of references.
Business Periodicals Ondisk Item For more than five authors, use the first author's last name and "et al. Your references should begin on a new page separate from the text of the essay; label this page "References" centered at the top of the page do NOT bold, underline, or use quotation marks for the title.
Do not use footnotes in this class for citations. Volume, number, and page numbers Give the volume number in italics, followed by the issue number in parentheses if there is an issue numberand the page number s.
Whatever type of format you choose, follow it consistently throughout your reference list. This format is very similar to that of the Modern Language Association, and these are the most commonly used styles for publishing in the social and natural sciences.Write "References" at the top of the page, centered.
If you are following a specific formatting style, such as APA or MLA, then write this title in normal textuse the. Each source you cite in the paper must appear in your reference list; likewise, each entry in the reference list must be cited in your text.
Your references should begin on a new page separate from the text of the essay; label this page "References" centered at the top of the page (do NOT bold, underline, or use quotation marks for the title). This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the.
Writing a paper, especially a research paper, requires you to cite your source for any information or thoughts that are not your own.
If you do not, you risk being accused of plagiarism. DO NOT USE FOOTNOTES: Footnoting, although commonly done in books and other literary writing, is only rarely done in journal style papers.
Cite references in the flow of the text as shown above. Cite references in the flow of the text as shown above. When citing a reference from your reference list, please use the following conventions. Put in parentheses the author(s) last names, the year, and optionally the page number(s) separated by commas.
For one author, use the author's last name and year separated by a comma.Download